They may be the favorite breed of Queen Elizabeth (pictured), but they are working dogs at heart. Corgis, as we know them today, come in two different varieties — the Pembroke Welsh corgi and the Cardigan Welsh corgi — and have different ancestries.
The Cardigan, with its tail and round ears, is the older of the two, having first appeared in Wales around 1200 B.C. The Pembroke, which has no tail and pointy ears, hails from Belgium. When King Henry I invited Flemish weavers to live in Wales in the 12th century, they brought their dogs with them. As working dogs, Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh corgis herded cattle, guarded farms and served as ratters.