Date of Disappearance: Feb. 4, 1974
Date “Found”: April 3, 1974
A certain type of kidnapping is less about murder — and more about money and notoriety. Patty Hearst, the granddaughter of William Randolph Hearst, one of the richest men in the U.S., was kidnapped from her Berkeley, California, home in February 1974 by the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA), a renegade Marxist group that wanted to topple capitalism in the country. (The SLA didn’t ask for a traditional ransom but for the Hearst family to give $70 worth of food to every needy Californian, costing about $400 million — which they more or less did).
Famously, Hearst, then 19 years old, joined the SLA — a classic case of Stockholm Syndrome. She made the announcement on audiotape on April 3, 1974, and was soon after seen robbing a bank in San Francisco under her pseudonym, “Tania.” Hearst was eventually freed when she was arrested for a slew of illegal activities, about 19 months after she had been taken.